The CAS Center for Excellence Quantum Information and Quantum Physics was founded in Hefei, Anhui province, on Wednesday.
China's moon rover "Yutu", or Jade Rabbit, completed its first scientific exploration of lunar soil on Tuesday, the Beijing Aerospace Control Center (BACC) said.
China will break constraints in its institutional mechanisms to facilitate technological innovation and have it play a greater role in future development, Premier Li Keqiang said on Monday.
If everything goes well, the first private astronauts from China may journey to space before the end of the year.
There is no doubting the contribution made to everyday life by semiconductors, used mainly as components for radio receivers, televisions and cell phones, over the last 50 years or so.
China's industrial upgrades have placed new demands on science and technology. And so it's no surprise that the assessment of achievements in those fields would change.
Two scientists, nuclear weapons expert Cheng Kaijia and physical chemist Zhang Cunhao, won China's top science award on Friday for their outstanding contributions to scientific and technological innovation.
Eight foreign scientists were honored by the Chinese government in its international sci-tech cooperation awards on Friday.
Herbert Jaeckle, German, vice-president of the Max Planck Society. He has been promoting cooperation with China since the 1980s and made a major contribution to the establishment of the CAS-MPG Partner Institute for Computational Biology.
Zhang Cunhao, born in 1928 in Tianjin, is a renowned chemist, former president of the National Natural Science Foundation of China, member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and a fellow of the Third World Academy of Science.
G.A. Zherebtsov, Russian, born in 1938, is one of the founders of space weather sciences in Russia.
Cheng Kaijia, born in 1918 in Jiangsu province, is a famous physicist and founder of China's nuclear science and technology.