Greece faces debt default

Updated: 2012-01-16 08:02

By Aaron Kirchfeld and Jesse Westbrook (China Daily)

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Greece faces debt default
Traders on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange. US stocks retreated last week, snapping a two-day advance for the Standard & Poor's 500 Index, amid concern that Europe's debt crisis will stifle global economic
growth. [Jin Lee / Bloomberg]

Talks end after no agreement made on investors' losses

FRANKFURT - Greece's creditor banks broke off talks after failing to agree with the government about how much money investors will lose by swapping their bonds, increasing the risk of the euro area's first sovereign default.

Proposals by a committee representing financial firms haven't produced a "constructive consolidated response by all parties", the Washington-based Institute of International Finance (IIF) said in a statement on Friday. Talks with Greece and the official sector are "paused for reflection on the benefits of a voluntary approach", the group said.

Greek officials and the nation's creditors agreed in October to implement a 50 percent cut in the face value of Greek debt, with a goal of reducing Greece's borrowings to 120 percent of gross domestic product by 2020. More than two months after the accord was announced, the two sides still need to agree on the coupon and maturity of the new bonds to determine losses for investors. The IIF had aimed to implement the swap this month.

"The sticking point is actually coming down to what the interest rate would be on the new bond," Hans Humes, president of Greylock Capital Management LLC and a member of the committee negotiating the deal with the government, said in an interview on Bloomberg Television's InBusiness with Margaret Brennan. If the talks fail and Greece defaults, "there will be a lot of contagion", he said. "The ball is in their court. If you want to do something to head off what could be a disorderly process, now's the time."

Talks to resume

Talks between Prime Minister Lucas Papademos, Finance Minister Evangelos Venizelos and Charles Dallara, the managing director of the IIF, will resume on Jan 18 as more work is needed after yesterday's consultations, according to a Greek Finance Ministry official who declined to be identified. The IIF said there is a "tentative plan" for Dallara and Jean Lemierre to return to Athens mid-week, "but this depends on developments over the next few days".

Greece is aiming to reach the framework for a deal next week, when talks on terms for a second financing agreement with European Union and International Monetary Fund officials start in Athens. A deal on the swap must be struck before March 20, when Greece must make a 14.5 billion eurobond payment.

'Debt sustainability'

"We look forward to the resumption of talks between Greece and its creditors," an IMF spokeswoman said in a statement. "It is important that this leads to a PSI agreement that, together with the efforts of the official sector, ensures debt sustainability."

Papademos said the successful completion of the swap was imperative for Greece to receive international aid.

"We are fully aware of how critical the situation is," he said in a speech in Athens, according to a transcript. "Until these processes are completed, the private sector involvement and the vote on the new loan accord, the country continues to face acute economic risks. Only once these two processes are completed can we say Greece is on firmer footing."

France and Austria lost their top credit ratings last week in a string of downgrades that left Germany with the euro area's only stable AAA grade as Standard & Poor's warned that crisis-fighting efforts are still falling short. It's "premature" to think that Greek debt talks have collapsed, London-based S&P analyst Frank Gill said.

European governments have been pushing for the Greek debt to carry a coupon of 4 percent, said a person with direct knowledge of the negotiations. Private bondholders said they would accept those terms for a period of time if they were able to get a bigger payout later as Greece's economy recovered, said the person, who declined to be identified. The IMF probably sought a coupon close to 2 percent for the Greek debt swap, Le Figaro reported.

"In the end, they'll need to reach an agreement," said Matthias Engelmayer, a Frankfurt-based analyst at Independent Research GmbH. "No one is interested in a disorderly default."

The Greek bond due October 2022 rose, pushing the yield six basis points lower to 34.36 percent in London on Friday. The price climbed to about 20.5 percent of face value.

The committee had offered a 50 percent nominal reduction of Greece's sovereign bonds in private investors' hands and as much as $127 billion of debt forgiveness, the IIF said.

Greece hasn't yet decided whether to submit legislation that could force holders of the nation's debt to take part in a bond swap, according to a government spokesman who said his earlier remarks on the matter were misinterpreted.

A report in Ta Nea newspaper said Venizelos may submit legislation on so-called collective action clauses by Jan 16. The legislation, discussed and approved at a meeting of EU officials in Brussels on Friday would require bondholders to participate in a debt swap that would cut the face value of their securities if a deal is reached with a majority of Greek debt holders, Ta Nea said, without citing anyone.

"There is no decision on if and when," Pantelis Kapsis said by telephone.

Some analysts have said hedge funds holding Greek bonds may resist the deal, seeking to reap greater profit by triggering payouts from credit-default swaps.

"The various parties are testing how far they can push their agenda," Engelmayer said. "I think they'll have to reach a deal because there's so much pressure."

German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who met with French President Nicolas Sarkozy earlier last week, said at the time the debt restructuring needs to be completed soon to enable Greece to receive its next tranche of aid.

"The current rescue program doesn't work and requires a rethink that needs to be done very quickly to keep Greece from defaulting," said Christian Schulz, a senior economist in London at Berenberg Bank. "The risk is high and the stakes are high: that Greece will be let go from the euro."

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