Dynamic Duanwu Festival underway in Hangzhou
Updated: 2012-06-25 15:15
By Guo Zhuo (China Daily)
Heavily festooned dragon boat race along a 1,200-meter water course lined with spectators and cheering squads. Photos Provided to China Daily
The Duanwu Festival is now an internationalized event at Xixi Wetland Park in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, where increasing numbers of expat teams compete in dragon boat races while foreign families enjoy a range of colorful events.
Celebrating win in the boat races.
Colorful races, events at Xixi Wetland Park
The fifth day of the fifth lunar month, which falls on June 23 this year, is the date of the traditional Duanwu Festival celebrated by Chinese at home and abroad with a feast of glutinous rice delicacies called zongzi and the colorful intensity of dragon boat races.
It is turning into a highly international event at Xixi Wetland Park in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, where increasing numbers of expat teams compete in dragon boat races and foreign families enjoy a range of colorful events that enliven the senses.
Organized by the Hangzhou municipal government and its districts, the Xixi Park Dragon Boat Carnival began on June 9 and will last a month.
Called "Our Festival: Duanwu", the city of Hangzhou has organized and packaged this year's festival as a place for savoring traditional culture, promoting international exchanges, a venue for teen spirit and showtime for famed Chinese and foreign companies.
The series of creative cultural shows and exhibitions make "Our Festival" a golden time for Hangzhou tourism, said the organizing committee.
Chinese people have been celebrating the festival for thousands of years. The most-popular version of its origins says that the festival dates from the dramatic death of celebrated poet and patriot Qu Yuan during the Warring States Period (475-221 BC).
After he was banished by the king, the author of The Songs of Chu drowned himself in despair in the Miluo River in Hunan province. Upon hearing the news, nearby fishermen who loved the wise man and were eager to save him raced in their boats to search for him. They also threw sticky rice balls into the water to feed the fish, attempting to keep Qu's body intact.
The tradition of boat racing and zongzi glutinous rice dumplings was born.
The Xixi International Dragon Boat Race enters its fifth year with 32 teams from various countries made up of employees from foreign companies and foreign residents in Hangzhou and Shanghai. The finals will be held on Saturday.
Ten teams will row dragon boats along a 1,200-meter water course lined with spectators and cheering squads. Other participants can try their hand at making zongzi wrapped in bamboo or tree leaves with rice and various fillings inside.
Sixty percent of participants in this year's boat race are foreigners due to efforts by organizers leading up to the festival, which included weekend races designed for companies in Hangzhou and Shanghai to work on team building and to provide recreation.
To make a stronger single event, "Our Festival" now combines traditional Dangwu celebrations that were before held separately in Xihu and Yuhang districts.
As well, Wuchang Habor's dragon boats race in Xixi wetland holds an elaborate sacrifice to the Dragon King, said to be protector of fishing boats. The vibrant celebration that includes beating drums, waving flags and battle cries was placed on the list of national intangible cultural heritage in 2008.
Formal races are thought to have begun in the Tang Dynasty (AD618-907), then flourished in the Southern Song Dynasty (1127-1279) and given the royal title "Spectacular Event of Dragon Boat Race" by Emperor Qianlong in the Qing Dynasty (1644-1911) when he visited south of the Yangtze River.
A line from a local folk song says "dragon boat racing is good for health and a celebration of harvest - watching dragon boat races is lucky, auspicious and blessed in peace".
The races in Xixi wetland differ slightly from other parts of the country with varied forms such as fully-loaded, half-loaded, bare-chested and sprinkled with water.
The boats are also rowed in various ways and speed is not the only goal.
In addition to international competitions, other races will be held for university teams and local companies. Every year the race among China's top schools welcomes new participants, and this year a competition will be added for universities based in Hangzhou.
The festival also offers participation in the cyber world. Online surfing will reveal links to virtual boat races, free ticket offers or the chance to contribute old photos of festivals in the past.
Back in Xixi, visitors can also indulge themselves in shopping or make local products and traditional Chinese handicrafts at the Exhibition for Intangible Cultural Heritage. Students and experts from art schools will create artwork for use on the boats' dragonheads or on T-shirts. Visitors are invited to have a try.
Local artists will also show how to make the traditional scent cachets associated with the festival.
Away from the bustling crowd, a family boat ride through the wetland is offered by the Xixi Night Cruise that includes meals and drinks back on land.