Business mood in Italy falls to lowest in 2 years
Updated: 2011-12-30 07:38
ROME - Italian business confidence fell to its lowest point in two years in December as the economy probably entered its fourth recession in the last decade amid a wave of austerity measures designed to fight the sovereign debt crisis.
The manufacturing-sentiment index dropped to 92.5, the lowest since December 2009, from a revised 94 in November, the Rome-based national statistics institute Istat said on Thursday. Economists had predicted a reading of 93.7, according to a Bloomberg News survey. Istat originally reported a confidence reading of 94.4 in November.
The mood among executives mirrors consumers' pessimism as Italian Prime Minister Mario Monti implements a 30-billion-euro ($39 billion) package of spending cuts and tax increases. Italian consumer confidence fell in December to the lowest in 16 years and the economy shrank in the third quarter. The government forecast a further contraction in the current three-month period, meaning Italy is in its fourth recession since 2001.
The eurozone's third-biggest economy won't return to growth until the second half of next year, employers' lobby Confindustria said this month in a report. The $2.3 trillion economy will contract 1.6 percent in 2012 after growing 0.5 percent this year, the lobby said.
Fiat SpA, Italy's biggest manufacturer, will shutter its Termini Imerese factory in Sicily at the end of the month, making it the first European automaker to close a plant since General Motors Co shut a facility in Belgium in 2010. Fiat agreed with unions to pay about 21 million euros to support early retirement for about 640 workers.