Obama signs sweeping Wall Street overhaul into law
Updated: 2010-07-22 14
Obama had harsh words for "unscrupulous" lenders and others he said had taken risks that endangered the economy. He said the new law was aimed at curbing abuses and excesses on Wall Street and stopping taxpayer bailouts of failing companies.
The law would provide certainty "to everybody from bankers to farmers to business owners. And unless your business model depends on cutting corners or bilking your customers, you have nothing to fear from this reform," Obama said.
The US Chamber of Commerce, an influential business group that often criticizes Obama's economic policies, said it would have the opposite effect.
"Such a broad, sweeping bill epitomizes a law with unintended consequences that creates more uncertainty for American businesses," said Thomas J. Donohue, president and CEO of the Chamber.
The American Bankers Association expressed disappointment with the legislation, saying it "contains a tsunami of new rules and restrictions for traditional banks that had nothing to do with causing the financial crisis in the first place."
Much of its impact will depend on how it is put into practice. Bart Chilton, a commissioner with the US Commodity Futures Trading Commission, said the law boosts transparency and gives regulators better tools to regulate markets, but many questions remained to be answered.
"This is a wide-ranging bill with many facets, hundreds where regulators still need to put some more meat on the bones. How we do that, and when we do that, are questions that will really tell if this legislation meets the expectations of its supporters," he said.
Ruth Porat, chief financial officer of financial giant Morgan Stanley, which on Wednesday reported higher-than-expected second quarter profits, said the company was pleased to see the bill signed as it put "some clarity around the issues."
The legislation targets potentially lucrative trading in risky over-the-counter derivatives and aims to force banks to end trading for their own profits.
It creates a Bureau of Consumer Financial Protection to regulate products ranging from credit cards to mortgages. The administration considered this one of the most critical parts of the bill but banks fought it bitterly.
The White House said Citigroup Inc's CEO Vikram Pandit; Bob Diamond, president of Barclays Plc; and Gerald Hassell, president of Bank of New York Mellon, attended the bill-signing.
JPMorgan Chase & Co Chief Executive Jamie Dimon was one of the few major bank heads not invited, a spokeswoman for the second-largest US bank said.
Dimon once enjoyed a close relationship with Obama, but he later emerged as a vocal critic of the efforts to reform the US banking industry.
The White House dismissed as a "fake controversy" media reports on the failure to invite business leaders like Dimon.
"The CEOs who opposed reform never expected to be invited to the bill signing and not a single one has complained to the Administration," White House spokesman Jen Psaki said.
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