Debts spark calls to split up China railway corp
Updated: 2016-05-07 10:29
By Zhong Nan and Lyu Chang(China Daily)
Crew members at a regional division of CRC in Chengdu, capital of Sichuan province, take part in a rescue exercise. [Wang Zhengwei/China Daily]
Mounting debts at State-owned China Railway Corp Group have sparked calls to split up the country's main railway service provider. A railway expert said on Friday the central government should divide the CRC into several regional companies with a shareholding structure to maintain a healthy growth.
Total liabilities of the CRC stood at 4.14 trillion yuan ($636.73 billion) by the first quarter of this year. The company had a deficit of 8.73 billion yuan between January and March of 2016, up 35 percent on a year-on-year basis, according to the CRC's audit report for the first quarter of 2016.
The company said in an announcement that the losses during this period were mainly caused by fast-growing road transportation and an overall decline in rail goods transportation.
Luo Renjian, with the Institute of Transport Research at the National Development and Reform Commission, said even though the CRC's debt burden was not high compared with firms in sectors such as highways, civil aviation and ports, it would be better to divide the company.
"It would effectively save cost and even make profit to divide the current CRC system into several regional companies with proper shareholding structure to optimize the country's railway service resources and networks," said Luo.
CRC declined to comment on the issue on Friday.
Eager to restore its earning ability, the CRC announced last month the creation of a number of rail logistics centers in Anhui and Shandong provinces to support transportation of household appliances and diversify its businesses, an effort to compete with airlines and private delivery companies.
As China's main railway network developer, the CRC is also responsible for investments in big-ticket projects like railway construction and the purchase of equipment including bullet and freight trains.
The government has an investment target of more than 800 billion yuan for railway construction to expand China's high-speed railway network this year, build more intercity and city-suburb links, and work to complete a freight railway network.
Zhao Jian, a professor of rail logistics at Beijing Jiaotong University, said because of its administrative role, the CRC has no choice but continue to invest in these new projects. Therefore, gaining loans from both policy and commercial banks, and issuing bonds to raise capital for railway construction are only solutions for it to gain the cash.
"Introducing a public-private partnership model or forming joint ventures certainly can help the CRC reduce spending on public transport services, optimize work efficiency, and bring more conveniences to passengers and company clients," said Zhao.
The PPP model is where a government service or private business venture is funded and operated through a partnership of government and one or more companies from private sector.
According to a recent announcement by the NDRC, China's top economic planning agency, the CRC is being empowered to decide how much high-speed train tickets cost in light of "market competition and passenger distribution".
Previously, the price was set by the commission itself.
"This move should be welcomed. As a company in a market economy, the CRC should be free from the shackles of administrative intervention. Only by doing so can it make the best use of resources, raise efficiency, improve profits and better serve passengers," said Zhou Zhicheng, deputy director for research at the Beijing-based China Federation of Logistics and Purchasing.
China has more than 121,000 kilometers of rail lines in operation. More than 19,000 km of them are high-speed railways, accounting for more than 60 percent of the total in the world.