Nation aims for growth amid changes to the economy
Updated: 2014-03-18 07:35
By Liao Min (China Daily)
First, industrialization and urbanization offer many new opportunities.
China will grant urban residence permits (hukou) to about 100 million rural people who have moved to cities all over the country, renovate rundown urban areas where about 100 million people live and encourage the urbanization of about 100 million rural residents of the central and western regions in their own cities.
These urbanization efforts will take time, but they're sure to pay off.
Second, consumption will serve as the major engine of the economy, while investment will be the key to stabilizing GDP growth. The government intends to promote service consumption, as China turns away from its export-driven past.
China needs to invest in a safety net for its aging population, in health facilities, senior housing, tourism and cultural services.
On the side of investment, the central government has budgeted 457.6 billion yuan ($75 billion) for subsidized housing, agriculture, irrigation and water, railways in central and western China, energy conservation and environmental protection.
Third, China's switch to high-end exports will offset rising labor costs. The nation also expects a "talent bonus" to follow the end of the demographic dividend.
Over the past two years, Chinese exports to the US of high-tech electronics, vehicle parts and optical devices rose 24 percent, while exports of clothes and footwear rose just 5 percent. These trends are expected to continue.
In the meantime, China had 2.5 times as many college graduates in 2013 than a decade earlier. A more skilled and entrepreneurial labor force has become an important factor in making the economy more efficient and productive.
With growth and reform plans on track, China's private sector remains an attractive destination for foreign investors.
In the banking sector, for example, Shanghai-based foreign banks plan to open more than 100 outlets around the country in 2014.
The China (Shanghai) Pilot Free Trade Zone, which opened in September as a testing ground for reform, gives greater access to foreign companies to unleash diversity and competition.
So far, nine foreign-funded banks have set up sub-branches in the FTZ; 11 are preparing for the launch of their FTZ sub-branches; a dozen foreign banks are conducting feasibility studies. They are or will be in the FTZ, because the opportunity is there.
The promised reform in the premier's report - letting the market play a decisive role - is sure to benefit the private and financial sectors, including banks, either foreign or domestic.
As China enters a critical juncture in its transition process, the factors that drove its blistering expansion in the past 30 years are changing swiftly. As China becomes more integrated into global markets, volatility and risks increase.
It's structural reform that can enhance the flexibility and resilience of the economy and financial system, leading to slower but better-quality growth, which is good for both China and the rest of the world.
The author is director-general of China Banking Regulatory Commission's Shanghai Office.