Promote financial reforms
Updated: 2013-08-08 09:14
By China Forum (China Daily)
Unbalanced macro structure has resulted in lack of flexibility and a high concentration of risks in the banking system
China urgently needs to launch a new round of financial reforms in response to the mounting systematic risks in the country's financial system.
Since the microprudential reform approach of the last round of reforms, with its emphasis on certain fields and financial institutions, is unfit for the new features and trends of the current financial system, the accumulation and evolution of systematic risks in recent years is crying out for a new round of financial reforms with a macroprudential perspective to soften the impact of the economy-wide fluctuations and economic restructuring.
China's financing system is overly reliant on bank credit. This unbalanced financial structure has resulted not only in a high concentration of risks in the banking system, but also in the financial system having less flexibility to resist external shocks. China's financial structure with its excessive dependence on indirect financing will not be able to meet and adapt to the various financing needs and changing risks during the process of economic restructuring, and it is not conducive to the transition of the economic growth pattern. The country's financial system is in need of restructuring in order to maintain stability.
Innovation is a prominent feature of the country's economic transition, which requires high investment and the aggregation of a large number of production factors and resources for support. A necessary condition for innovation and thus the success of the economic transition is having a sound financial structure and a healthy, mature financial market, especially a full-fledged capital market, in place. As an important platform for optimizing the allocation of resources, a cultivation mechanism for encouraging venture capital and screening mechanism to ensure the survival of the fittest, the capital market has an irreplaceable role to play in promoting innovation development and the economic transition.
There are two entry points for financial restructuring. First, with regard to "incremental" financing needs, China should forcefully develop multilevel capital markets - including bond and stock markets, exchanges and over-the-counter markets, increase the proportion of direct financing and improve its financial structure.
Therefore, further market-based and law-oriented reforms are needed to improve the effectiveness of market's role in allocating resources. In addition, during the process of economic transition, a large number of small and medium-sized enterprises are thirsty for more financing, which requires the development of multilevel capital markets.