Innovation crucial for China
Updated: 2013-04-09 13:43
By Renata Dessallien (China Daily)
Public opinion and satisfaction polls have been used in several places, such as in Binzhou, Shandong province, where public polls are factored into the performance assessment of local government departments.
The development of NGOs and volunteer groups in China has started to help empower local communities to find innovative solutions to their problems. For example, in Jiangdong district in Ningbo, neighborhood centers have been established in numerous communities to meet people's social needs. Managed by elected community members, the centers have expanded social services in the communities considerably, which include children's day care, services for senior citizens, aid for poor residents and legal aid.
As China prepares to embrace its next round of reform and opening-up under the new leadership, it will reflect on how to build on this experience and take it to the next level. It will consider how to both review and consolidate the various experiments initiated, crafting them into a coherent conceptual framework and scaling them up, while allowing space and flexibility for further experimentation. Both are equally necessary.
If the general framework and core objectives are not clear, distortions may take root and subsequent disillusionment may emerge that can harm the efforts. Yet if the framework becomes too rigid, innovation may be stifled and defeat the purpose, or the systems may be captured by some voices at the expense of others.
The next chapter of China's reform and opening-up will not be as straightforward as the previous ones. The low hanging fruits have already been plucked. The economic and social challenges today are more complex. And China's relations within the region and the world are more complex. In many areas of creative tensions, such as between economic growth and the environment or between development and social justice, new approaches and mechanisms will be required to strike the right balance for sustainable and equitable development.
Innovation from the top down will need to be complemented by social innovation at all levels, as well as through dynamic channels that irrigate the whole system with new and creative ideas. Not only will this keep the character of China's development dynamic and forward looking, it will also help expand China's social capital and lay the ground for the next phase of evolving social contract.
The author is UN resident coordinator and UNDP resident representative in China.