'Spring' in the air for NGOs?
Updated: 2013-04-17 07:47
By Tang Yue and He Dan in Beijing (China Daily)
No green light for all
While the four categories of NGO are being given the green light to direct registration, the existing system will still apply to organizations involved in politics, the law and religion. Chinese branches of overseas NGOs will also still be subject to the existing regulations, said Vice-Premier Ma Kai during the NPC session.
"It is understandable that they take reform step by step, given the situation in China today," said Wang Ming. "But I hope the definitions will be made clearer when the detailed regulations are published so NGOs will face fewer intangible barriers when they apply for registration."
Staff from Beijing Zhongze Women's Legal Counseling and Service Center talk with rural women in Qinghai in 2009. Provided to China Daily
Wang Jianjun, director-general of the Bureau of Administration of NGOs under the Ministry of Civil Affairs, said the authorities are still working on the definitions.
The exclusion of organizations related to the legal system came as no surprise to Lu Xiaoquan, deputy director of Beijing Zhongze Women's Legal Counseling and Service Center.
"Of course, I'm glad to see the other four types of NGO have their 'spring' in sight now. For us, the situation remains unchanged. It might still be a sensitive area from the perspective of the government," said Lu.
Established at Peking University in 1995, Lu's center was the first civil organization to provide legal assistance to women in China. The founder, Guo Jianmei, was given the Women of Courage Award by the United States' State Department, presented by Michelle Obama and the then secretary of state, Hilary Clinton, whom Guo has met seven times.
The center became independent in 2010, but its failure to secure NGO status meant it was forced to register as a business. Last year, it received donations totaling roughly 2 million yuan, mainly from overseas foundations. However, its status means it paid tax at a rate of 14 percent. In contrast, the rate for NGOs is 5.5 percent.
"I'm looking forward to the implementation of the new policy, but we will only feel really hopeful if it is fully carried out," he said.
"But there is also a possibility that the government will ease the regulations on those four specified types of NGO, while imposing even stricter ones on us. We'll just have to wait and see how things pan out."