China unveils five-year plan at congress session
Updated: 2011-03-05 11:23
Premier Wen Jiabao delivers his government work report during the opening ceremony of the National People's Congress (NPC) at the Great Hall of the People in Beijing March 5, 2011. [Photo/Agencies]
BEIJING- China opened its annual parliamentary session on Saturday, unveiling a five-year development blueprint and striving to handle pressing economic issues including inflation.
The world is watching how China copes with the current complex situation and seizes the strategic opportunity for its development in 2011, the start of its 12th Five-Year Plan and the 90th anniversary of the founding of the Communist Party of China (CPC).
At the meeting, Premier Wen Jiabao delivers a report of government work. Top CPC and state leaders Hu Jintao, Wu Bangguo, Jia Qinglin, Li Changchun, Xi Jinping, Li Keqiang, He Guoqiang and Zhou Yongkang are present at the meeting.
In his work report, Wen said China "still faces an extremely complex situation for development this year."
"The world economy will continue to recover slowly, but the foundation for recovery is not solid," he said.
He noted some long-term and short-term problems in China's economic activities were intertwined, and institutional incongruities and structural problems were stacked up together, making the country's macro-control more difficult.
China will increase its gross domestic product (GDP) by around 8 percent this year, further optimize the economic structure, keep the consumer price index (CPI) increase around 4 percent, create more than nine million jobs in urban area and keep the registered urban unemployment rate at 4.6 percent or lower, according to the report.
China sets a target of 7 percent of annual economic growth over the next five years with significant improvement in the quality and performance of economic development, according to Wen.
Wen said China needs to maintain continuity and stability in its macroeconomic policies and make them more targeted, flexible and effective.
"We need to correctly strike a balance between maintaining steady yet rapid economic development, restructuring the economy and managing inflation expectations, pay more attention to maintaining overall price stability, and prevent large economic fluctuations," he said.
To check price hikes, China will make stabilizing price levels a "top priority" in its macroeconomic control this year, according to Wen.
To control the rise of prices, China will manage market liquidity, ensure the production and supply of major farm products and daily necessities, strengthen the oversight and supervision of prices, maintain market order and improve the system of subsidies, according to the report.
Sheng Yafei, an NPC deputy and Communist Party chief of the Songjiang district of Shanghai, said he had confidence in the central government in controlling commodity prices this year despite all the difficulties.
"There are favorable conditions for the country to control commodity prices: we have had gains in grain output for seven consecutive years, abundant supply of industrial products, and huge foreign exchange reserve," he said.
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