Free downloads of online music to end
Updated: 2012-10-31 07:21
By Zheng Xin (China Daily)
China's major music websites are expected to form an alliance to start charging for music downloads at the beginning of next year, industry insiders said.
Baidu Music and Tencent Music are among the major music websites said to be part of the initiative.
Subscriptions that will allow users to download an unlimited number of songs are expected to cost between 10 and 15 yuan ($1.6 to $2.4) a month, a price level jointly reached by the country's major record companies and the music websites, said Wang Hao, chief executive officer of Xiami, a website founded in 2006.
The audition of music online is expected to remain free, Wang said.
"You won't have to pay anything to enjoy the music online, but if you want to download it, you will either have to subscribe to the service or pay for each single song," said Wang.
"The era of the free lunch for China's online music industry might be coming to an end," he said.
This is a radical change for the online music industry, and might bring a much-needed positive impact to the business, Wang said.
At the same time, the Chinese government has also released documents to boost the development of copyrighted and paid music online, another person with knowledge of the matter said.
According to an insider of the online music industry, record companies and the major online music platforms have been discussing the feasibility of a paid service for about six months.
The quality of paid music will see a significant improvement compared with the freebies currently available, the insider said.
According to Wang, online music industry relies heavily on advertisements, especially those for online games.
"Good music is not getting the attention it deserves, while online games are making profits, and forcing musicians to earn money through other channels," he said.
Unlimited free downloads pose a threat to musicians, as well as to the music websites, he added.
The most obvious solution for the present situation is the implementation of a new business model, with the collection of fees from consumers, Wang said.
However, if only one music website starts charging for downloads, netizens will definitely turn to one of its free counterparts, so the best strategy is for all the websites to launch paid services at the same time.
Wang Hui, a Beijing resident, said she would be willing to pay approximately 10 yuan fee for a subscription every month, as a way to support music industry.
"Musicians are not getting the share of the profits they deserve, and this is not healthy," she said.
However, she wouldn't be willing to pay much more.
"I might resort to the free online auditions, if they charge too much," she said.
Chinese people got used to freebies when it came to online music, so they might be hesitant to switch to another model, said You Yunting, a partner at the DeBund Law Offices based in Shanghai.
"You'd have to take a reform step by step, " You said.
Tian Hong, project director of the legal department of the Music Copyright Society of China, said that a reform would bring winds of change to the country's online music industry. It could spur a crackdown against piracy, while pushing for more respect toward copyright holders.
However, the success of the initiative would depend on the specific operating model chosen.
According to You, the alliance of the music websites was not formed to boost profits but to fight for survival.
He said that almost all of the music websites are in the red thanks to the rising license fees paid to the record companies.
"The license fees have become a heavy burden to the websites, in addition to the fees paid for the servers, broadband and labor costs," he said. "The advertisements can barely cover it."
The situation is especially severe for the small online music websites.
Wang said that Xiami has barely generated any profits as the website started charging for music downloads since its establishment in 2006.
"With abundant free music resources provided by the major music websites, it's hard to persuade consumers to foot the bill," Wang said.
However, the paid service model might not be a silver bullet either, You said.
The alliance may run afoul of the country's antitrust and unfair-competition laws, and might result in interference from the government, including the departments related to industry and commerce, as well as national development and reform.
Good news for artists
The idea of a joint paid service, however, was cheered by independent artists.
Hou Chen, the 26-year-old lead singer of a band called CLF, which was formed in 2007, said that the new business model would further encourage musicians, especially independent artists, to come up with better work.
Hou said that her band uploaded several original songs to the Web but never saw any royalties.
"We don't depend on the profits of selling music online but that would certainly be a recognition of our work," she said.
Hou said that the band makes some money only through live shows, which can bring them between 200 yuan to 4,000 yuan per performance.
"The current business model doesn't benefit the artists or the music websites, so it might be time for a change," she said.
Chen Limin contributed to the story.